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News in numbers - July 15

Wage disparity between women and men have widened in rural areas since 2005. Men doing the same ploughing work as women will earn 93.6% more in 2013-14. The difference was 70% eight years back. The gap is narrow for harvesting work at 20%. This story says rural women lost 9.1 million long term jobs in rural jobs between 2010 and 2012. But in urban areas, women gained 3.5 million jobs. 

51.76 million
Till July 12, that's the amount of area (in hectares) that is cultivated as compared to 34.14 million hectares in year-ago period. At this rate, the entire kharif (summer crop) acreage of 107 million hectares will be covered 15-20 days ahead of time. Agriculture forms only 14% of India's GDP but accounts for more than half of total employment, so a good monsoon would positively impact rural demand. 

In the last four years, 555 fake encounter cases have been registered. But only 144 of them are solved so far. Uttar Pradesh tops the list, but Gujarat is not among the top 10. Naxalism affected states account account for half the top 10 list. 

Doctors' children have the highest chance of success to pass the Indian Institute of Technology's (IIT's) entrance test-which is touted as the world's toughest. Nearly one of out 10 children whose parents are doctors have passed the test. The lowest success rate is for students whose parents have agriculture-background. Only around 10,000 students are selected among the 506,000 who took the exams this year. 

Wholesale inflation increased marginally to 4.86% in June this year. Unlike many economies, wholesale prices is tracked to measure inflation for policy making in India. Price of food articles increased by 9.74%, but inflation of manufactured goods went up 2.75%. 


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